Spring 2002
Honors Colloquium Students'
Abstracts and Autobiographies



"Light and Pen: An Exploration of Writing"

Advisor: Lisa Sandlin


To create or articulate a single feeling through sight and sound is the peak of artistic conception. Poetry and photography communicate with others on a physical and spiritual level, making everyday life seen for how precious, humorous, or poignant it may be. It is the beauty of the art that led me to explore my own lyrical, free verse poetry and expand upon my photographic techniques. Through my analysis, I realize that I compose the two quite differently, yet create the same ideal; articulating the gracefulness of another human's soul and the beauty of everyday life.


Stephanie Bell is the daughter of Dan and Denise Bell of Fremont, Nebraska. She is majoring in English Writing and obtaining minors in Editing and Publishing and an Interdisciplinary Studies minor in Photography. While attending Wayne State College, Stephanie has served as Sigma Tau Delta President, Cardinal Key co-Historian, Alpha Lambda Delta Historian, various offices in Student Activities Board, an Orientation Ambassador, and Hall Council Historian and Treasurer. She was also an assistant editor of The Logan House Anthology of 21st Century American Poetry and the co-editor of the 2001-2002 Judas Goat. Stephanie will graduate in May of 2002.





"A JAVA Augmented Database"

Advisor: Dr. Wayne Daniel


This presentation is an insurance program that I developed by using the programming language JAVA. This project uses actual insurance data for the basis of the program. With this collected data, I base insurance reports for people all over a given area. The program simply functions by collecting certain data from the user. The user will have to input their name, gender, marital status, smoking habits, and other important relevant data. The user can, therefore, test many different types of insurance. They can test for car insurance, house insurance, fire insurance, health insurance, life insurance, or perhaps a certain "item" insurance. Based on the answers given by the user, the program with then go about making the actual calculations. The program with take all of the given information and come up with a rough estimate of what the user's insurance payments should be.


Craig Dellinger is the son of Leland and Martha Dellinger of Valentine, Nebraska. Craig, a graduate of Valentine Rural High School, is majoring in both areas of Computer Science and Math. While at Wayne State College, Craig has been involved in various residence hall and intramural activities, and has also been on the Dean's List. Craig is also a member of Kappa Mu Epsilon, the Association for Computing Machinery, and has taken part in the High Honors Program for the past two years. He is also the Computer Science Peer Tutor for Wayne State College and has taken part in math conferences at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, as well as South Dakota State University.





"Mourning Becomes Electra: The Electra Complex as an Informing Structure in Sylvia Plath's Poetry"

Advisor: Jeff Howlett


After being diagnosed with an unresolved Electra complex, Sylvia Plath became fascinated with the theories of Freud. Plath frequently uses the Electra complex as a literary trope in her poetry. Her uses of this figure are rich and multivalent, sometimes suggesting that the theory is credible and other times treating it with irony that serves as a conscious criticism of the patriarchal system. In many ways, Plath's treatment of the Electra complex transcends the simple Freudian formula and achieves a poetic vision capable of fueling a radical reevaluation of domesticity and gender relations.


Gabriela Acosta Easterday is the daughter of Vernon and Maria Easterday of Eustis, Nebraska. She is majoring in English and Political Science and will graduate in August of 2002. While at Wayne State College, Gabriela has been the president of Sigma Tau Delta, Student Senate Secretary, Wayne Political Union Treasurer and a Resident Assistant in Neihardt and Pile Halls. Gabriela has been on the Dean's List for seven semesters and has received multiple honors and awards within her English and Political Science majors.





"Leadership Development: A Personal Evolution"

Advisor: Dr. Ron Whitt


Over the last 10 to 20 years many businesses have made a gradual adjustment from the older vertical hierarchy structure to a flatter system with more of the power shifting downward. These newer systems rely on self-directed work teams and the empowerment of everyone. This new team-based system gives companies the ability to be flexible and adaptive in today's fast-paced, ever-changing economy. It is this new restructuring that has made leadership more important than ever. These teams usually work on their own without much input from upper management and form their own leaders from project to project. Leadership has been called the "most studied and least understood topic in any of the social sciences." In an attempt to build my own understanding of the subject, I have gone to cutting edge businesses and interviewed their leadership development coordinators and human resource managers to find out what they are doing to prepare their employees to be great leaders. The information I found on how to become a successful and effective leader led me to the focus of my research, studying the role of core values in developing and exercising effective leadership. An understanding of leadership can be the most important trait a person possesses when entering and performing in the business world.


Shane Jansen is the son of Vern and Charlotte Jansen of Crofton, Nebraska. He is majoring in Speech Communication with an emphasis on Corporate and Community Relations. While at Wayne State College, Shane has taken part in many activities including the Honors Program, Lambda Pi Eta, the National Communication Association Honor Society, the Dean's List, and various intramural activities. Shane also did an internship during the summer of 2001 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, with Intellectual Architects, a leadership consulting firm. Upon graduation in May 2002, Shane plans to attend the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, to pursue a master's degree in Communication Studies.





"The History of the Clarinet Family: Technical Improvements, Composers, and Players"

Advisor: Dr. Jay O'Leary


"Its character symbolizes the melting sentiments of love. It is the tone of the passionate heart. The tone is so mellifluous, so languishing, he who knows how to bring out the medium timbre is sure to conquer every heart." This is how Schubert characterized the gorgeous sound of a clarinet. Since the early primitive forms of the clarinet in Egypt in the third millennium, the clarinet has changed dramatically into its modern form we know today. The popular Bb clarinet is only one clarinet in a family of numerous sizes and ranges of clarinets. These clarinets include the Eb clarinet, the Bb bass clarinet, and Eb contrabass clarinet. For my project, I have compiled and researched the history of the clarinet family, focusing on technical improvements, composers, and players.


Heidi Kirsch is the daughter of Linda Faye Kirsch of Winside, Nebraska. She is majoring in Music Education with an endorsement in K-12 vocal and instrumental music. While at Wayne State College, Heidi has been named to the Dean's List and Who's Who Among Students in American Colleges and Universities. She has also been involved in many organizations such as Alpha Lambda Delta (Freshman Academic Honorary), Kappa Delta Phi (National Education Honor Society), MENC (Music Educators National Conference), Tau Beta Sigma (National Honorary Band Sorority), and the Nebraska Band Masters Association. She has also been a member of several musical ensembles such as the Wind Ensemble, the Concert Choir, the Jazz Band, the Marching Band, and the Woodwind Ensemble. Currently, she is the music tutor for the Wayne State College Learning Center. Heidi will graduate in December of 2002.





"Free Press v. Fair Trial"

Advisor: Dr. Mark Leeper


Americans were horrified as we watched the September 11th attacks on television. A federal judge is now denying the petition to televise the trial of the only man charged in direct connection with the attacks, Zacarias Moussaoui. This trial will not be the end of the debate over a free press versus a fair trial. The two often do not need to stand apart. I examine the judge's decision for Moussaoui's case and other cases that have led to this point, with particular attention to a precedent that originated here in our cornhusker haven, Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart.


Liz Mathine is the daughter of Joe and Bev Mathine of Creighton, Nebraska. She is majoring in Mass Communications, obtaining a minor in Journalism and Political Science. (Thus spawning her interest in televised trials.) While at WSC, Liz has been an active college media representative. She worked for the Wayne Stater, the campus radio station and the campus television station. She also served as the Broadcasting tutor and a member of Cardinal Key. After graduation in May, Liz will reside in San Diego, California, and pursue a career in television.





"Effects of Color and Light"

Advisor: Dr. Sandra Metz


Color and light work together to create the colored, visual characteristics of every item on Earth. Color would not exist if it weren't for light, for that is how humans can distinguish the differences between colors. Therefore, interior lighting and color must collaborate effectively in order to be pleasing to the eye. All colors have different effects on everyone, both positively and negatively. Different types of lighting may change the appearance of a color, and consequently, change the mood of the person who looks at it. This presentation focuses on explaining what color is and how it psychologically and physically affects humans. I will also suggest certain colors for a number of interior areas such as restaurants, medical facilities, offices and classrooms.


Teri Minarick is the daughter of Ted and Linda Minarick of Morse Bluff, Nebraska. Teri, a graduate of North Bend Central High School and a John G. Neihardt scholar recipient, is majoring in Interior Design and will graduate in May 2002. While attending Wayne State College, Teri has been involved in the following: various residence hall activities, intramural sports, on the Dean's List, held several offices in Lambda Phi Omega local sorority, and Vice President and President of the Wayne Chapter American Society of Interior Designers (ASID).





"The Effects of Passive Stretching on Electromyography, Mechanomyography, and Muscle Strength in the Biceps Brachii"

Advisor: Dr. Tammy Evetovich


I have always had an interest in exercise and human performance, and there have been a lot of rumors and speculation lately that stretching will actually decrease muscle strength in maximal efforts. So, being the curious person I am, I decided to find out for myself. I took twenty subjects between the ages of 18 and 25, and maximally tested them at three speeds on the Cybex II Isokinetic Dynamometer. The subjects would come in and test maximally without stretching one time and with stretching within 48-72 hours, the order being decided completely random. Now that I have collected the data, I am currently analyzing the different aspects of electromyography, mechanomyography, and muscle strength to determine if these rumors have any truth to them. Hopefully, the findings from this study can help those who are currently in a weight training program, or who are considering starting, to maximize their efforts and results.


Natalie Nauman is the daughter of Paul and Kathy Nauman of Giltner, Nebraska. She is majoring in Exercise Science/Wellness with intentions to go into Outdoor Recreation. While at Wayne State College, Natalie has participated in the SHAPE Club, acting as the social coordinator, and in various intramural sports. She is a Neihardt Scholar and has been active in the Honors program throughout her college career. Upon completion of classes in July 2002, Natalie will travel to San Diego to begin working at Mission Bay Aquatic Center in Mission Beach, participating in everything from kayaking, sailing and surfing, to wakeboarding and skiing.





"The Romani People"

Advisor: Dr. Jean Karlen


As a sociology student participating in a semester abroad program to the Czech Republic during the spring of 2001, I completed an independent study focusing on the Romani people (often called gypsies). Before traveling overseas, I examined readings about the Romani people, who are the largest minority group living throughout Europe, with an estimated population of 12 million (RomNews, 2000). Since the beginning of their arrival in Europe to the present day, the Romani people have been mistreated, persecuted, and targeted because of their minority status which in turn increases a host of problems for people including poverty, unemployment, low education rates, poor health, and criminal activity. Additionally, discrimination acts have most recently been rising across Europe, especially in Eastern Europe since the fall of communism. While staying in the Czech Republic, I was able to visit a Romani Kindergarten and interview a project director promoting education about and for the Roma. Although time and language constrictions limited my research capabilities, I was able to conclude measures to improve the conditions for the Romani people are as complex and interconnected as the ancient negative feelings toward the Roma people. The purpose of this paper will be to discuss the past and present discrimination of the Romani, problems facing the minority population today, and conclude that conditions for minority populations in America and abroad are very similar.


Darr Nickerson is the daughter of Doak and Kay Nickerson of Scottsbluff, Nebraska. She is majoring in Sociology with a minor in Biology. While at Wayne State College, Darr has been a member of Pi Gamma Mu, Resident Assistant, and letter winner of the track/cross country teams. Darr has compiled many accolades during her career at Wayne State College, including a Literature Review award at the Nebraska Undergraduate Sociological Symposium for her honors paper, scholar athlete for eight semesters, and an all-conference performer six times in track/cross country, including one 5k outdoor track championship. Upon graduation in May 2002, Darr will be attending graduate school at either the University of Montana or the University of Nebraska to study cultural anthropology.





"Quilting in Literature"

Advisors: Dr. Siobhan Kelly, Dr. Andrew Alexander


Have you ever looked at your life as a patchwork of scraps that fell into places you never planned on? Along our journey we patch, piece, layer, and bind our experiences together into one unit, sometimes calculating what will happen next, and other times dealing with the accidents that occur along the way. Life is like a patchwork quilt and many authors use this analogy to develop themes in literature. My experience in the art of quilting inspired me to delve into these themes and explore the patchwork of authors who understand why life is like a quilt. From an author's philosophical meaning of the patchwork quilt, to the way the art of quilting is used as an escape from reality, we will see how the patchwork quilt is a perfect example of conception, existence, and the historical outcome of daily life.


Sally Ann Schroeder is the mother of five children who returned to finish her bachelor's degree after her third child left for college. While obtaining her Bachelor of Arts degree at Wayne State, she majored in English Literature and minored in Political Science and remained on the Dean's List. Sally was vice-president of Sigma Tau Delta Honorary Literature Fraternity and inducted into Theta Sigma National Honor Society for non-traditional students. She was also a recipient of the Balsey-Whitmore Tour of England Scholarship in 2001. After graduation, Sally plans to attend law school at the University of South Dakota and eventually open a general law practice in her home area of Cedar County, Nebraska.





"Fluoxetine Effects on Mice Dopa Decarboxylase"

Advisor: Dr. Gloria Lawrence


Fluoxetine is an SSRI antidepressant that increases the effect of serotonin and indirectly decreases levels of dopamine. Fluoxetine has been found to lead to disorders of dopamine (DA) deficiency, such as Parkinsonism. DA is produced from the substrate L-dopa by the enzyme dopa decarboxylase (DDC). It is hypothesized that fluoxetine affects the level of DDC which subsequently accounts for the decrease in DA. In this study, mice are administered fluoxetine for seven days. Levels of L-Dopa and DA are recorded to subsequently make a prediction on the level of DDC. It is hypothesized that fluoxetine will decrease levels of DDC.


Ryan Splittgerber is the son of Paul and Sally Splittgerber of Norfolk, Nebraska. Ryan, a graduate of Norfolk Senior High School, is majoring in Psychology, obtaining a minor in Biology, and will graduate in May of 2002. While at Wayne State College, Ryan has been on the Dean's List, presented for the Nebraska Psychological Society and the Nebraska Academy of Sciences, and served as assistant coach for WSC women's soccer team. Upon graduation, Ryan will participate in the Neuroscience Graduate Program at the University of Alabama in Birmingham (UAB).





"The Oil and Gas Industry: A Historical, Political, and Economic Analysis"

Advisor: Dr. Laura Barelman


The quest for the control of oil has shaped our world. Wars have been fought for it and won with it. Elections have been won and lost as a result of it. It is the heart of the United States economic machine. This precious commodity has dictated world history, influenced government policy, and driven economies to both prosperity and recession. I will summarize the history of the industry since the beginning in 1859, incorporating economic models and the resulting impacts on world affairs. I will look at the future of the industry and why we may not be able to live with oil or without oil.


Kevin Voelte is the son of Susan Janak of Brainard, Nebraska and Donald Voelte of Los Angeles, California. He is majoring in Business Administration with a concentration in Finance and a minor in Economics. While at Wayne State College, Kevin has been President of Delta Sigma Pi for two semesters and Vice President of Chapter Operations for two semesters. He is also Secretary of Student Senate and a member of Blue Key, SIFE, and Alpha Lambda Delta. Kevin has been on the Dean's List each semester of his collegiate career. Upon graduation in May 2002, Kevin will be working for 3-6 months for a Washington, D.C. government lobbying firm before entering the financial services industry.





"Resolution of Ortho-Tolluidine chromium Tricarbonyl"

Advisor: Dr. David Peitz


This study was to determine a method for resolution of the enantiomers of ortho-toluidine chromium tricarbonyl. The solvents and methods to be used were first determined with o-toluidine and then applied to o-toluidine chromium tricarbonyl. The resolution method utilized was reaction with S-camphanoyl chloride to form two disasteroemers that could be separated by column chromatography. The compounds collected from the column were then analyzed with thin layer chromatography, 1H NMR spectroscopy, and infrared spectroscopy.


Shawn Wade is the son of Brian Wade of Norfolk, Nebraska, and Patty Miller of Plainview, Nebraska. Shawn, a graduate of Norfolk High School, is majoring in chemistry with a minor in biology. He has been on the Dean's List since the fall of 1998, Alpha Lambda Delta Freshman Honorary, member of Lambda Delta Lambda, and a volunteer at the WSC Multicultural Center. After graduation, Shawn is taking the summer off and starting medical school in August at the University of Nebraska Medical Center.





"Military Impacts and Innovations of the Hussite Wars, 1419-1437"

Advisor: Dr. Linda Taber


The Hussite movement in early fifteenth century Bohemia is a little known prereformation religious movement which embroiled all of Europe in military conflict for nearly twenty years. On one side were the Hussites, drawn from all classes and regarded as heretics by the Catholic Church. On the other side were the Holy Roman Emperor, several German princes, and crusaders recruited from as far away as England and Scandinavia. Despite their sacrifices, the Hussites did not succeed in eliminating their enemies or forming a unified Hussite kingdom. What then was the significance of these military conflicts? This paper begins by describing the forces arrayed on each side, then analyzes the strengths and successes of the Hussites. The conclusion stresses that the Hussite wars marked an important step in the evolution of warfare from reliance on mounted knights towards infantry armies using firepower, in addition to conventional weapons. In particular, Hussite leaders were innovators in military technology and tactics, organization, and discipline.


Reid S. Weber is the son of Norman and Dorothy Weber of Wisner, Nebraska. Reid is a History major and Geography minor. He has been to Europe twice, including the spring 2001 semester where he conducted research on the topic of the Hussites in the Czech Republic. He is a Learning Center Peer tutor in United States History. Memberships include: Alpha Lambda Delta Freshman Honorary, Pi Gamma Mu, Phi Alpha Theta, Science Fiction Fantasy Club, and Newman Club. Reid is also an officer in the Wisner Chapter of the Sons of Union Veterans organization, and a corporal in the First Nebraska Volunteer Infantry, a Civil War reenacting organization.





"The Effects of Photoperiod and Temperature on Protein, Lipid, Water, and Carbohydrate Content of the Liver and Muscle in the House Mouse (Mus musculus)"

Advisor: Dr. Shawn Pearcy


The main objective of this study was to determine how the house mouse responds physiologically to stressful conditions of photoperiod and temperature changes as seen through seasonal changes in the field. Four treatments were used to set these conditions: (1) a normal day length (L12:D12) and a normal temperature (27C), (2) a normal day length and a cold temperature (8C), (3) a short day (L16:D8) and a normal temperature, and (4) a short day and a cold temperature. Six mice made up each 12-day treatment. At the end of the treatments, liver and muscle analysis was performed to determine lipid content, protein content, ash and water content, and carbohydrate by difference.


Jennifer Woltkamp is the daughter of Roger and Doris Woltkamp of Fort Calhoun, Nebraska. She graduated from Blair High School and is majoring in Life Sciences/Biology and minoring in Chemistry and Psychology. Jenny is a Neihardt Scholar at Wayne State College and has been involved in Biology Club, Lambda Delta Lambda Physical Science Honor Society, Alpha Lambda Delta Freshman Honor Society, Rotaract, and Student Activities Board. After graduation in May 2002, she will attend the Physician Assistant Program at the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha, Nebraska.


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