The Americans with Disabilities Act
NOTE: The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) has been amended pursuant to the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-325) and became effective on January 1, 2009. Follow the links below to view the amended ADA of 1990:
AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT OF 1990, AS AMENDED
ADA AMENDMENTS ACT OF 2008
The ADA has been called the most far-reaching piece of
civil rights legislation since the Civil Rights Act of 1964
and is one of the most important federal statutes protecting
the rights of people with disabilities. The ADA prohibits
discrimination against people with disabilities in the areas
of private employment, public services (state and local
government), public accommodations and telecommunications.
The ADA is composed of five sections or titles. Title
I. covers nondiscrimination in employment activities.
Title II. requires that state and local government
entities/programs and public transportation systems be made
fully accessible to people with disabilities. Title III.
covers the accessibility and availability of programs, goods
and services provided to the public by private entities.
Title IV. requires that telecommunication services
be made accessible and specifically references relay systems
and closed captioning technology. Title V. contains
miscellaneous provisions that apply to all the other titles
Thus, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (and its accompanying
regulations) states that, if you receive federal funds,
you may not discriminate on the basis of disability. The
ADA states that you may not discriminate on the basis of
disability regardless of whether you receive federal funding.
For postsecondary institutions, the ADA adds few additional
regulatory requirements. The vast majority of postsecondary
educational institutions have been (for more than 15 years)
and continue to be subject to the Rehabilitation Act in
addition to their coverage under the ADA.
Source: Jarrow, J. E. (1992) The ADA's Impact
on Postsecondary Education. Association on Higher Education
And Disability. Omnipress, Madison, Wisconsin.
Ron Vick, MA, LPC
Counselor / Academic Advisor
Int'l Student Advisor