Wayne State College
Student Center, Rm. 103
1111 Main St.
Wayne, NE 68787
(402) 375-7321 -or- 375-7557
Planning: Personality & Careers:
Thinking, Perceiving - INTPs represent
approximately 1% of the population. INTPs value
knowledge above all else. Their minds are constantly
working to generate new theories, or to prove or disprove
existing theories. They approach problems and theories
with enthusiasm and skepticism, ignoring existing rules
and opinions and defining their own approach to the
resolution. They seek patterns and logical explanations
for anything that interests them. They're usually extremely
bright, and able to be objectively critical in their
analysis. They love new ideas, and become very excited
over abstractions and theories. They love to discuss
these concepts with others. They may seem "dreamy"
and distant to others, because they spend a lot of time
inside their minds musing over theories. They hate to
work on routine things - they would much prefer to build
complex theoretical solutions, and leave the implementation
of the system to others. They are intensely interested
in theory, and will put forth tremendous amounts of
time and energy into finding a solution to a problem
with has piqued their interest (1,2,8).
do not like to lead or control people. They're very
tolerant and flexible in most situations, unless one
of their firmly held beliefs has been violated or challenged,
in which case they may take a very rigid stance. The
INTP is likely to be very shy when it comes to meeting
new people. On the other hand, the INTP is very self-confident
and gregarious around people they know well, or when
discussing theories which they fully understand. INTPs
are autonomous, curious, detached, inquisitive, logical,
original, skeptical, and theoretical individuals (1,2,8).
INTPs Career Choice Should Probably Include...
- Working in-depth on one creative
challenge at a time and the opportunity to give it
their full attention without a lot of interruptions.
- The chance to apply logic
to theories to find solutions and develop innovative
approaches and systems but not get bogged down in
the details of implementation.
- When given an environment
which supports his/her creative genius and possible
eccentricity, the INTP can accomplish truly remarkable
- An opportunity to work on theoretical rather than
- The opportunity to work on
projects without having to lead or control other people.
- Work that has very high standards for performance,
matching their own high standards.
- An atmosphere of professionalism
and mutual respect, where their expertise is recognized
and respected and they have some say in how they are
evaluated and compensated.
- The chance to logically analyze
existing and potential systems and make recommendations
for strategically sound changes.
- An unstructured environment
that encourages free thinking and improvisation, without
senseless rules, unnecessary meetings, or paperwork.
- Usually brilliant and ingenious,
INTPs need work where they can be independent and
An INTPs Strengths are...
are great strategic thinkers and creative problem
solvers. They are especially interested in mastering
and perfecting theoretical or complex issues. Quiet,
serious, and thoughtful, INTPs are usually intellectual
and complicated people who appear quite dispassionate
and reserved. However, they can become excited and
persuasive about their ideas once they are ready to
share them. INTPs are logical and analytical people,
with a strong need to make sense of things (1,2,7,8).
independent, INTPs are driven to increase their personal
mastery of subjects and are drawn to people of power
and expertise. They tend to be open minded, intrigued
with anything imaginative, and may enjoy risk taking.
They prefer to look beyond what is known or accepted
at the present time and consider more creative yet
reasonable approaches to problems or ways of perfecting
INTPs are good at...
- being tolerant and flexible in most situations,
unless one of their firmly held beliefs has been
violated or challenged, in which case they may
take a very rigid stance.
- using creativity and insight to understand issues
- being ingenious and having unconventional thought
patterns which allows them to analyze ideas in
- logical analysis of complex problems
- working on theories independently with great
focus and concentration
- natural ability to focus and get "into
the zone" when working on a problem. They
can absorb their minds completely with an issue,
and work it through with amazing speed and accuracy.
This ability makes them outstanding troubleshooters.
- learning new skills and technology with ease
An INTPs Weaknesses are...
Ruled so completely by logic, INTPs can sometimes
neglect to consider the more human side of issues.
They can be critical and argumentative and may dismiss
the feelings of others unless they understand them
and can see that they make sense. INTPs are sometimes
so single minded and internally focused that they
may not be fully aware of the world outside themselves
Because INTPs use logic to understand their world,
they sometimes don't pay enough attention to the emotional
part of their lives and may have difficulty reaching
out to friends when in need. They set such incredibly
high standards for themselves and their projects,
they can become discouraged when they do not reach
or exceed them. They tend to ignore the more practical
phases of their work and may let the follow through
and details fall through the cracks (1,2,7,8).
Things to watch out for...
INTPs lack follow-through and this can isolate
their ideas from practical examination. Their notions
become over-intellectualized and too abstract to
be of practical benefit. With their sharp critical
thinking and analytical abilities, INTPs tend to
nit-pick, hair-split, and generally overdo simple
issues. Their desire for accuracy and precision
exacerbates any error they may perceive in themselves
or in others they are, in other words, highly
self-critical. Wanting to be competent and know
everything, their standards grow increasingly higher.
When fear of failing becomes overly pronounced,
INTPs are quick to feel unintelligent, slow, and
If stress continues, the INTP's mind seems to freeze
and block out the vital information it has worked
so hard to accumulate. Their creative juices stop
flowing and they suffer from stage fright, writers
block, and a general inhibition of their ingenious
thinking and fluent language skills. Preoccupied
with performance failure, INTPs become self-consciously
distracted in anticipation of their failure. If
the stress becomes too overwhelming, the fear of
blanking out prevents them from taking risks in
areas they desire to succeed in. Attempting to avoid
incompetence, they fail to gain the expertise and
mastery they so desperately need (1,2,7,8).
Other concerns to watch for:
- being impatient, sarcastic, and critical of
others less competent than they are
- propensity for abandoning a project, once it
has been figured it out, and moving on to the
- developing such complicated arguments or ideas
that no one else understands them
- being overly independent, unconventional, and
original and intimidating others
- considering only the possible implications,
rather than the realistic applications of ideas
- becoming negative and cynical if he/she feels
the use of their strongest abilities are not being
- refusing to deal with repetitious or mundane
- not recognizing basic social principles, such
as appropriate dress and general behavior
Needs: It's important that the INTP place importance
on expressing their developed theories in understandable
ways. In the end, an amazing discovery means nothing
if you are the only person who understands it. They
need to learn to spend more time on the practical details
and follow-through required on projects.
INTPs Might Consider
- Looking at Type and Careers,
by Charles R. Martin, Ph.D., Copyright 1995 by Center
for Applications of Psychological Type (CAPT)
- Looking at Type: The Fundamentals,
by Charles R. Martin, Ph.D., Copyright 1997 by Center
for Applications of Psychological Type (CAPT)
Girl: Careers and Jobs - The Jedi Girl Internet
Community - Concept and Design by Robert Jon Religa
Manager (US Department of the Interior)
Virtual Office - may no longer be at this URL
- Hardcopies from an Internet resource
based on the Kiersey Bates material - URL unknown/no
Types Under Stress
Can I Do With A Major In...?"
Personality & Careers
Ron Vick, MA, LPC
Counselor / Academic Advisor
Int'l Student Advisor